Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is an integrated database management system for the capture, retrieval, manipulation, analysis, and visualization of spatial information.



GIS as a Tool 

A GIS provides tools for:

  • Data Queries
  • Spatial Queries
  • Database Integration and Updating
  • Connectivity, Routing, Minimum Path Resource Allocation
  • Distance, Adjacency and Proximity Analysis
  • Visualization and Presentation

Within the Urban environment, GIS can be used as a visualization tool for:

  • Visibility Analysis
  • Creating Realistic 3D Scenes
  • Landscape Design
  • Simulation Modeling

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